Grabaims

Tense

1. Present Tense
Form
Affirmative: Same as root form of the verb. ‘s’ or ‘es’is added for the third jperson singular – he, she, it. e.g. I play.
Negative: do not + form of verb, does not + I form for the third person singular. e.g. I do not play ; Ram does not play.
Interrogative: do/does + subject +  I form of the verb e.g. Do I play? ; Does Ram play?

2. Present Continuous Tense ( Progressive Tense)
Form
The Present Progressive Tense is formed with is/am/are + ( first form + ing)
The negative is formed by putting not after the auxiliary ( is/am/are).
The interrogative ( question) is formed by inverting subject and auxiliary.

Affirmative – I am playing
Negative – I am not playing
Question – Am I playing?
Negative Question – Am I not playing ?

3. Present Perfect Tense
Form
The Present Tense is made with have ( has) + parts participle.
The negative is formed by putting ‘ not’ after have ( has.)
The interrogative is formed by putting has/have before the subject.

Affirmative – I have played
Negative – I have not played
Question- Have I played?
Negative Question – Have I not played ?

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Form
This tense is formed by has/have + been+ the present participle:

Affirmative: I have been playing, he has been playing etc.
Negative: I have not/haven’t been playing etc.
Interrogative: Have you been playing?
Negative Question: Haven’t you been playing?

5. Simple Past Tense
Form
The Simple Past tense is formed with the past tense ( 2nd form = V2) of the verb. The interrogative is formed with did+ subject+ 1st form ( VI) of the verb.

Affirmative: I played
Negative : I did not play
Question: Did I play?
Negative Question : Did I not play?

6. Past Continuous Tense
Form
This tense is formed by using was/were and the present participle.
The negative is formed by putting not after was/were.
The interrogative is formed by putting was/were before the subject.

Affirmative – I was playing
Negative: I was not playing
Question: Was I playing?
Negative Question: Was I not playing?

7. The Past Perfect Tense
Form
This tense is formed with had + past participle (IIIrd form of the verb)
The negative is formed by putting 'not' after 'had'.
The interrogative is formed by putting 'had' before the subject

Affirmative - I had played
Negative - I had not played
Question: Had I played ?
Negative question: Had i not played?

8. Past Perfect Continuous (progressive tense)
Form
This tense is formed with had been + Ist form (basic form) + ing
The negative is formed by putting not after had.
The interrogative is formed by putting had before the subject.

Affirmative: I had been playing.
Negative: I had not been playing.
Question: Had I been playing?
Negative Question: Had I not been playing?

9. Simple Future Tense
Form
The simple future tense is made with shall/will + Ist form of verb.
The negative is made by putting (not) after shall/will.
The interrogative is formed by putting shall/will before the subject.

Note: (Shall) is used with the first person (I,we) and 'will' with the second person (you) and 'the' with third person (he, she, it, they) in the ordinary future, 'will' can also be used with the first person in the affirmative and negative, but not in the interrogative.

Affirmative: I shall play.
Negative: I shall not play.
Question: Shall I play?
Negative Question: Shall I not play?

10. Future Continous Tense
Form
This tense is formed with will/shall be +(Ist form + ing)
The negative is formed with shall/will not be + present participle (Ist form + ing)
The interrogative is formed with shall/will + subject  + be + present participle

Affirmative: I shall be playing
Negative: I shall not be playing
Question: Shall I be playing?
Negative Question: Shall I not be playing?

11. Future Perfect Tense
Form
The tense is formed with shall/will have + past participle (V3)
The negative is formed with shall/will not have (not : has) + past participle.
The interrogative is formed with shall/will + subject + they have + past participle

Affirmative: I shall have played.
Negative: I shall not have played.
Question: Shall I have played?
Negative Question: Shall I not have played?

12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Form
This tense is formed with shall/will have been + (Ist form + ing).
The negative is formed with shall/will not have been + (Ist form + ing)
The interrogative is formed with shall/will (+ subject) + have been + (Ist form + ing).

Affirmative: I shall have been.
Negative: I shall not have been.
Question: Shall I have been?
Negative Question: Shall I not have been?